Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women worldwide. For whatever reason, the number of cases has increased in the last 30 years. Ductal carcinoma starts at the cells lining the milk ducts and makes up more than 75% of breast cancer. Lobular carcinoma begins in the milk secreting glands. Many women want to know what the risk factors and symptoms of breast cancer are so they can catch it in the early stages.
What are the risk factors for breast cancer? Age and gender are both risk factors. 77% of all new breast cancer cases occur in women who are 50 or older. While men can get breast cancer, it only makes up 1% of all cases reported. Family history is also a risk factor. Some families have a genetic tendency that seems to be pinpointed to two variant genes: BRCA1 and BRCA2. Women who get their period before age 12 and those that go through menopause after the age of 55 are at higher risk of developing breast cancer. Women who never had children and those that had children after the age of 35 are also at risk. Oral contraceptives may pose a slight increase in the chances of getting breast cancer. Many women going through menopause take hormone replacement therapy and it too may increase the chances of breast cancer. Some studies have shown that obesity may play a factor in developing breast cancer. Even drinking too much may put you at risk. Studies show that drinking more than one or two drinks a day may increase the risk of breast cancer.
So what are the symptoms of breast cancer? At first, you may notice no symptoms of breast cancer at all. Once the cancer begins to grow, it can be detected in several ways. Check for lumps or thickening near the breast and underarms. A change in the size or shape of your breast may be symptom of breast cancer. If you notice a discharge from you nipple, please consult your physician. This too can by a symptom of breast cancer. Anything else abnormal such as a change in color or feel should be mentioned to your physician. It may not be breast cancer, but it is better to be safe than sorry.
If caught early, you have a better chance of winning the fight against breast cancer. If you notify your doctor of any of these abnormalities, he or she may do one of several things. They may ask you to have a mammography, which is an x-ray of your breast mass. If a lump is found, doctors can tell whether it is solid or has fluid in it through the use of an ultrasound. A needle biopsy can extract material that can be sent to the laboratory to tell if the lump is malignant or benign.
There are different treatments for breast cancer. Some may require surgery, while other treatments include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and anti-cancer drugs known as biologicals. Sometimes hormonal therapy will be used to block the effects of estrogen, which can help the cancer cells grow. Doctors often suggest a combination of these treatments depending on the severity of the cancer.
Even if you don't notice any symptoms of breast cancer, women over the age of 40 should have a yearly mammogram just to check for abnormalities.
|Barrier Methods of Contraception||Breast Cancer|
|Breast Cancer Ribbon||Breast Cancer Stages|
|Inflammatory Breast Cancer||Menopause|
|Natural Womens Health Products||Ovarian Cancer|
|Painful Periods or Dysmenorrhoea||Post Natal Depression|
|Pregnancy||Sexual Activity during and after Pregnancy|
|Smoking and Pregnancy||Stretch Marks in Pregnancy|
|Symptoms of Breast Cancer||Termination (Abortion)|
|The I.U.D. (or Intra Uterine Device)||The Pill (Oral Contraceptive Pill or OCP)|
|The Rhythm Method of Birth Control or
Natural Family Planning
|Tubal Ligation||Uterine Cancer|
|Vaginal Discharge||Womens Health and Fitness|
|Womens Health Care||Womens Health Issues|
|Womens Health Services||Womens Heart Health|
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