|Nose bleeds are common in childhood and will generally stop of their own accord. If the bleeding is superficial, then pressure on the soft part of the nose between two fingers may be all that is needed. If pressure is kept constant for 4 to 5 minutes most superficial nose bleeds cease. |
Ice packs across the bridge of the nose help to close up the blood vessels. Packing of the nose might be necessary.
Nose bleeds in adults are more complicated. A dramatic flow of blood, part of which is being swallowed down the throat, indicates a bleeding blood vessel deep in the posterior part of the nasal passage.
Severe nose bleeds of this nature will possibly need hospitalisation and surgical treatment. You should always call a doctor if the bleeding is severe and the person is swallowing blood. This can, particularly in an older patient, develop rapidly into an emergency.
Recurring nose bleeds should be investigated. In most cases cauterisation of the offending blood vessel will be all that is necessary.
The causes of recurring nose bleeding include:
|Anaemia||Anaesthetics and Anaesthesia|
|Blood Pressure including Hypertension||Boils and Carbuncles|
|Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy||Chronic Bronchitis|
|Cold Sores (Herpes Simplex)||Colostomy and Ileostomy|
|Glandular Fever (Infectious Mononucleosis)||Gout|
|Legionnaires Disease||Low Blood Pressure|
|Osteoporosis||Peptic Ulcers (Gastric or Duodenal)|
|Poor Circulation (incl Buergers & Raynauds Disease)||Prostate Problems|
|Sleeping Difficulties (Insomnia)||Slipped Disc|
|Spinal Injuries||The Common Cold|
|The Overactive Thyroid Gland||The Underactive Thyroid Gland|
|Thrombophlebitis of Superficial Veins||Thrombosis in Veins|
|Tonsillitis and Complications|
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