Medical Dictionary of Bone Cancer

C A N C E R  I N F O R M A T I O N

 

Prostate Cancer Surgery



 

Prostate cancer surgery is an option for many men. To know if you are a candidate for prostate cancer surgery certain things will have to be considered. It will depend upon the size, type and spread of the cancer. Like any surgery, before you have prostate cancer surgery you should be very informed about the surgery itself.

You should know what the surgery involves, what the chances are of the surgery being successful, what side effects you may have from the surgery and whether there are other alternative options to the prostate cancer surgery that can be considered.

If you are in the early stages of prostate cancer the type of prostate cancer surgery you may have is a radical prostatectomy. It involves removing the whole prostate gland through and incision that is made behind the scrotum. This surgery is performed in men who it is thought to not have their cancer spreading and who are under 70 years of age.

Another alternative prostate cancer surgery to treat a man who is in the early stages of cancer is keyhole surgery. Instead of the incision being made behind the scrotum it is made in the abdominal wall. A thin tube is inserted into the keyhole which is equipped with a light and cutting apparatus. Much research and debate is still going on in regards to keyhole surgery and whether it is as effective a radical prostatectomy.

Another type of prostate cancer surgery is a trans-urethral resection of the prostate or TURP. TURP is done when it is necessary to remove part of a tumor that is blocking the flow of urine from the bladder. TURP is generally done under general anestesia or an epidural. A tube is placed into and through the urethra. It also have a cutting instrument and it will shave off the area of the prostate that is blocking the flow of urine. TURP does not remove the cancer cells but it relives urine problems.

Orchidectomy is not performed very often. This prostate cancer surgery removes the testicles comletely in an attempt to control cancer growth. The  purpose behind removing the testicles is to dimish and reduce testosterone levels. However, with the advent of new drug hormonal therapies this surgery is on the decline.

If you have prostate cancer surgery scheduled and you think you will need assistance once you return home you should talk to your doctor about it. Assistance can be arranged at your home. Many men benefit from talking with a social worker or counselor before and after having prostate cancer surgery. If this sounds like something you could benefit from be sure to talk to your doctor or nurse about it so arrangements can be made.

After your surgery you will have to return for a post operative checkup. This is usually done at an outpatient clinic or doctor’s office. This is when you should talk with your doctor and discuss any issues you may be having or any concerns which you may have.

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